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BALESTRA: Innovative Test Method

balestra, Country


So Mauro Balestra and his consulting engineers at “Balestra CSR-Centro Studi e Ricerca” developed an innovative method of accident diagnosis, in which a test vehicle is fitted with sensors, to analyze the driver’s reactions during a braking maneuver under real traffic conditions. A camera records the movements of the motorist’s face muscles.


So Mauro Balestra and his consulting engineers at “Balestra CSR-Centro Studi e Ricerca” developed an innovative method of accident diagnosis, in which a test vehicle is fitted with sensors, to analyze the driver’s reactions during a braking maneuver under real traffic conditions. A camera records the movements of the motorist’s face muscles. The pictures taken by the camera are then compared with a variety of measurement data (such as speed, steering wheel position, gas pedal position, pedal brake force, ABS sequence, distance traveled, delay, etc.). With this test setup, it is possible to measure and analyze the “Perception-Reaction Time” (PRT) of the vehicle driver in different dangerous situations on the road. In other words, Mauro Balestra’s research approach makes it possible to say everything that happens during the driver’s reaction time, how long the reaction time is and how the person in the vehicle really reacts. The first results of the latest research series, carried out by Mauro Balestra together with the catholic university in Milan, are highly promising – and point to factors that have previously been ignored in safety planning.

In the vehicle: the entire measurement chain comes from HBM

The complexity of the measurement task was matched by the clear and well-defined demands that Mauro Balestra made of the measurement technology being used. It had to be reliable, easy to install, and suitable for tests in a moving vehicle. Which is why the engineer decided to deploy the entire HBM measurement chain. The U93 force transducer is used to record the force on the brake pedal, and a type WA displacement sensor is installed on the gas pedal of the vehicle.

Tacho-sensors and speed sensors from other manufacturers were also used, as well as video cameras to record the driver’s face muscles and the traffic situation. 

Data acquisition is taken care of by a compact, universal QuantumX MX840A amplifier from HBM, mounted inside the test vehicle.

The PC's Ethernet interface takes all the measurement data acquired by the QuantumX to the HBM measurement software, catmanAP. When they arrive, the data are not simply read in, they are also synchronized with the video footage from the passenger compartment. 

It was not just its compact format that made the QuantumX the ideal choice, it was also the fact that it can be used with all current transducer technologies. Further plus points are its straightforward operation and the precision of the measurement data it collects. Because the transducers are fitted with the TEDS electronic data sheet, the QuantumX detects them automatically and they can be used for measurement immediately.

Simple to set up, professional in operation: whether on the move or integrating video files, the entire HBM measurement chain was always at its best. And revealing new discoveries to make driving in traffic safer.

Recording the measurement data

The data were recorded while driving. A - Video monitoring B - Driver’s view of the road (visibility range) C - Danger simulation D - Brake force measurement E - Gas pedal displacement measurement F - MX840A measurement electronics G - Displacement, acceleration and speed measurement H - Laptop I - catman data recording software

Mon-Fri Test Week Measurements

Test subjects (vehicle drivers)       28

Test series situations (danger levels)

8 + 1 real danger
Duration of test series (minutes)5
Test transducers and sensors      4 + time
Transmission and calculation channels9
Speed of measurement (data/seconds)900
Time results (Hz)100
Data result per section (average)450,000
Total values recorded12,600,00
Video camera: color, HD   2
Frame rate (Hz)50
HD Images received per section (average)30,000
Total images recorded840,000

"We have been using HBM measurement technology for over 30 years. With the QuantumX amplifier system and catmanEasy software, HBM was also able to offer us a viable and easy-to-install solution for our latest generation of tests."Mauro Balestra, Balestra CSR- Centro Studi e Ricerca.

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